Since 2003, CNR‐ISMAR is running a program aimed at using Italian fishing vessels as Vessels Of Opportunity (VOOs) for the collection of scientifically useful datasets. In the framework of the EU‐FP5 project MFSTEP, 7 commercial vessels fishing for small pelagic species in the northern and central Adriatic Sea were equipped with an integrated system for the collection of data regarding catches, position of the fishing operation, depth and water temperature during the haul (Falco et al. 2007); this system was named “Fishery Observing System” (FOS) and until 2013 produced a great amount of data that could be helpful both for oceanographic and fishery biology purposes (Falco et al 2011; Martinelli et al. 2012; Carpi et al. 2015; Aydoğdu et a. 2016; Sparnocchia et al. 2016).
In 2013, thanks to the participation to some national (e.g. SSD-Pesca, RITMARE) and international (EU-FP7 JERICO) projects, a new “Fishery & Oceanography Observing System” (FOOS) was conceived (Patti et al. 2013; Martinelli et al. 2013). New sensors for the collection of oceanographic and meteorological data allow nowadays the FOOS to collect more parameters, with higher accuracy (Martinelli et al. 2016), and to send them directly to a data center in near real time. Furthermore, the FOOS is a multifunction system able to collect data from the fishing operation and to send them to an inland data center and to send back to the fishermen useful information, (e.g. weather and sea forecasts, etc.) through an electronic logbook with an ad hoc software embedded. The FOOS implementation allowed a spatial extension of the monitored areas and the installation on various kind of fishing vessels such as coupled pelagic trawlers, bottom trawlers, purse seiners etc. This point is of particular interest because of the multiplicity of fishing gears used in the Mediterranean and the variety of target species and exploited areas.
In the near future, thanks to the participation to the EU-FP7 NEXOS project and the collaboration with international institutions and companies (e.g. Ifremer, NKE instrumentations etc..) sensors able to collect more parameters (e.g. oxygen and chlorophyll‐a fluorescence), designed specifically to be mounted on fishing gears and compatible with the systems in use nowadays (RECOPESCA, FOOS), will be available (Martinelli et al. 2014).
Since 2014, CNR-ISMAR implemented in the Adriatic Sea the “AdriFOOS” observational system, by installing the FOOS on 10 commercial fishing boats. Since then the CNR-ISMAR datacenter in Ancona receives daily data sets on GPS tracks, water temperature/salinity/pressure (profiles and bottom), meteorology, catch amounts, species caught and target species sizes. Forecasts of sea height are sent daily on board thanks to the collaboration with the KASSANDRA Storm Surge Modelling System (http://kassandra.ve.ismar.cnr.it:8080/kassandra).
Data of temperature and (in few cases) salinity measurements acquired by the FOOS, from January 2014 to March 2015, along the fishing tracks and at the various fishing depths were published within the JERICO project (http://www.jerico-ri.eu/previous-project/service-access/targeted-operation-phase/top-2-data-and-maps-from-sensors-on-board-fishing-vessels/adriatic-sea-fishery-and-oceanography-observing-system/).
- Camilla Croci
- Filippo Domenichetti
Aydoğdu A., Pinardi N., Pistoia J., Martinelli M., Belardinelli A., Sparnocchia S. Assimilation Experiments for the Fishery Observing System in the Adriatic Sea. Journal of Marine Systems. 162:126-136, 2016.
Carpi P., Martinelli M., Belardinelli A., Russo A., Arneri E., Coluccelli A., Santojanni A. 2015. Coupling an oceanographic model to a Fishery Observing System through mixed models: the importance of fronts for anchovy in the Adriatic Sea. Fisheries Oceanography 24:6, 521–532.
Falco P, Belardinelli A, Martinelli M, Cingolani N, Arneri E, Russo A, Santojanni A. 2011. A new observing system for the collection of fishery and oceanographic data. In: Marine Research At Cnr, Fishery and Sea Resources. ISSN 2239-5172 Volume DTA/06-2011: 1889–1895.
Falco P, Belardinelli A, Santojanni A, Cingolani N, Russo A, Arneri E. 2007. An observing system for the collection of fishery and oceanographic data. Ocean Sci. 3:189–203.
Martinelli et al, 2014. Preliminary studies and choice of new probes, Work Package 7 – Deliverable 7.2 –- FP7 Ocean 2013 NeXOSproject.
Martinelli M, Falco P, Belardinelli A, Cingolani N, Arneri E, Russo A, and Santojanni A. 2012. Fishery observing system (FOS): a tool for collecting oceanographic data and data on fish in the Adriatic. In: Operational Oceanography in Italy toward a sustainable management of the sea. ISBN: 978‐88‐87854‐29‐9, I Quaderni di Arpa: 277‐284.
Martinelli M., Guicciardi S., Penna P., Belardinelli A., Croci C., Domenichetti F., Santojanni A., Sparnocchia S. Evaluation of the oceanographic measurement accuracy of different commercial sensors to be used on fishing gears. Ocean Engineering 111: 22–33, 2016.
Martinelli M., Penna P., Belardinelli A., Croci C., Domenichetti F., Sparnocchia S., Santojanni A. From FOS to FOOS: Advances in use of fishing vessels for Oceanographical purpose in the Adriatic Sea. JERICO Workshop WP10. Villefranche/Mer, 16‐18 Ottobre 2013.
Patti B., Martinelli M., Aronica S., Belardinelli A., Penna P., Bonanno A., Basilone G., Fontana I., Giacalone G., Gallì N. G., Sorgente R., Angileri I.V.M., Croci C., Domenichetti F., Bonura D., Santojanni A., Sparnocchia S., D’Adamo R., Marini M., Fiorentino F., Mazzola S. The Fishery and Oceanography Observing System (FOOS): a tool for oceanography and fisheries science. Journal of Operational Oceanography 9(1): s99-s118, 2016.
Sparnocchia S., Nair R., Petihakis G., Aydoğdu A., Dobricic S., Farcy P., Martinelli M., Petersen W., Petit de la Villeon L. An interlinked coastal observatory network for Europe, Journal of Operational Oceanography. 9(1): s193-s201, 2016.